英文目录和摘要（Contents and Abstracts） 2019/07/05
Shanghai Local Chronicles
2019, Issue 2
Study on the interaction between Jiangnan and Shanghai
[Abstract] Jiangnan (regions south of the Yangtze River) and Shanghai have always maintained a benign interaction. Historically, Shanghai has been part of the regions south of the Yangtze River, of which most populationis immigrants from the regions. Thecultures of Shanghai and Jiangnan share the basic characteristics. From the settlements in the 10th century to the international metropolises, Shanghai witnessed a process of continuous evolution and development. After its opening as a commercial port, by carrying forward the advantages of Jiangnan culture and combining with the modern Western science and technology, management mode and advanced culture, Shanghai has formed a more distinctive Shanghai-school culture. Jiangnan culture is the foundation and mother of Shanghai culture. Shanghai-school culture provides unprecedented broad space for the development of Jiangnan culture and is enhanced to a new level.
[Keywords] Shanghai; Immigrants; Shanghai-school Culture; Jiangnan Culture;interaction
Viewing the Compilation of Major Events Records from the Compilation Characteristics of Wenchuan Earthquake Relief Records
[Abstract] This paper analyses the compilation characteristics of Wenchuan Earthquake Relief Records, and then combs out some compilation theories of the major events records: the records of major subjects (events) belong to a new kind of special annals, which has its own space-time principles to be observed and needs to record the whole process and panorama of the occurrence and development of major events from multiple perspectives and panorama view. The narrative styles can be in multi-forms.Macro-description, combination of discussion and narration, and quantitative statistics can be applied to the general introduction, overview, and preface. The realistic entries can combine the narration and description by placing people in the events. At the same time, as a record of events with great influence, it must also summarize and refine the great spirit contained in and transmitted by major events.
[Keywords] Major Events Records; Compilation
On the Current Situation and Significance of Major Event Records Compilation
[Abstract] With the development of society and the strengthening of local chronicles compilation teams, a new kind of annals –major events records emerged on the basis of traditional local chronicles and special annals. Since the compilation of Wenchuan Earthquake Relief Records was launched in the second half of 2008, in a matter of only 10 years, according to incomplete statistics, 73 major event records have been compiled and published successively. Major event records can be divided into three major categories: major disasters, major events and major historical themes. Among them, the first category has the largest scale and the largest number of chronicles. The fundamental reasons for compiling major events records are the strong comprehensive national strength and solid economic foundation in China, and its open mind with self-confidence. Summarizing the experience of earthquake relief to improve the government’s emergency management ability can fully reflect the advantages of our socialist system of concentrating on major events, and promote national spirit and social cohesion.
[Keywords] Major Event Records; Compilation; Current Situation; Type; Significance
Reflection on the Compilation of Chronicles of Local CPPCC: Taking the Compilation and Publication of Chronicles of Jiading CPPCC (1956-2011) as an Example
[Abstract] It is an “old” and “new” work to organize the compilation of the chronicles of local CPPCC. The author explores his understanding and reflection to the compilation of the chronicles of local CPPCC based on his experience and lessons as a chief compiler of Chronicles of Jiading CPPCC (1956-2011).
[Keywords]: Chronicles of CPPCC; Compilation; Problems; Reflection
Discussion on the Usage of Graphs in the Second Round Compilation of Some Chronicles (Part I)
[Abstract] Recently, the author selected four chronicles from four provinces and cities to make statistics and research on the usage of graphs of the general chronicles, the usage of various types of graphs, the usage of styles of graphs, the usage of various categories of graphs, and the usage of black-and-white and colour graphs and so on. It was found that there are some problems in the usage of photographs and statistical graphs in the four chronicles. This paper makes an analysis to the existing problems, and puts forward some suggestions. For instance, the graphs should be diverse; the usage of graphs in the narration, records, biographies should be increased; the selection of photos and maps should highlight their functions in keeping history, educating people and helping administration; the graphic styles in the chronicles should be unified; the indexes of photos and maps should be compiled and its compilation methods should be mentioned in the notes of how to use the book and so on.
[Keywords] Second round chronicles; graphic styles; usage; problems; suggestions
Overview of the Contents and Evolution of British and American Almanacs
[Abstract] Almanac has a long history in Western society. The development of the almanacs in Britain and the United States can be reflected from the initial records of astronomical calendar content, to the appearance of astrological content, and then to the birth of the statistical information yearbook in the early nineteenth century. Since the nineteenth century, the contents of almanacs have been constantly improved, expanded and innovated. The methods used may vary, but the principle is the same. Almanac remains the carrier of knowledge and information dissemination. The authoritative, accurate and personalized characteristics of its information are the guarantee to maintain its long-term stability.
[Keywords] British and American Almanacs; Astrology; Statistical Information Yearbook; The Nineteenth Century; Content Evolution
A Study on the Compilation and Modernization of General Records of Geography in the Republic of China: Also on the Concept of General Records and Its Relation with Local Chronicles
[Abstract] The period of the Republic of China ushered another climax in the compilation of annals of geography. And the compilation of general records of geography also made great achievements. The Republic of China was in the era of great changes, where new requirements were posed for the compilation of chronicles. Modern revolution was also seen in the styles, ideas, methods of the compilation of general records, which exerted a profound impact on the compilation of local chronicles afterwards.
[Keywords] Republic of China; General Records of Geography; Local Chronicles; Modernization
Leizhou Prefecture AnnalsPrior to the Qing Dynasty: New Discoveries of Leizhou Prefecture Annals
[Abstract] Three Leizhou Prefecture Annals prior to the Qing Dynasty are known to the academic circle; two were compiled in the Song Dynasty and one in the Ming Dynasty. In fact, the author has found that there are eight other books: Leizhou Maps and Records in the Northern Song Dynasty, Leizhou Prefecture Annals in the 10th year of Chunyou Period of the Southern Song Dynasty, Leizhou Prefecture Annals in the Yuan Dynasty, Leiyang Annals in the Yuan Dynasty, Leizhou Prefecture Annals in the early Zhengde Period of the Ming Dynasty, Leizhou Prefecture Annals in the 12th year of Zhengde Period, Leizhou Prefecture Annals in the 23rd year of Jiajing Period of the Ming Dynasty and Leiyang Annals in the 2nd year of Wanli Period of the Ming Dynasty. At the same time, the author has also identified the date and compliers of two Leizhou Maps and Records of the Southern Song Dynasty: Qingyuan Leizhou Maps and Recordswas compiled by the magistrate Wu Shiyin of Leizhou and Lin Shiqian; Jiading Leizhou Maps and Records was compiled by the magistrate Zheng Gongming and the prefecture school educator Zheng Yang.
[Keywords] Leizhou Maps and Records; Leizhou Prefecture Annals; Leiyang Annals; new discoveries; prior to the Qing Dynasty
Li Linsong and Jiaqing Shanghai County Annals
[Abstract] Jiaqing Shanghai County Annals in 20 volumes was compiled by Li Linsong from Henan and Wang Datong et al. of the Qing Dynasty. Its style is the inheritance and innovation of Wanli Shanghai County Annals of the Ming Dynasty. The book contains comprehensive and systematic information with distinct local characteristics. The value orientation of the literature is pluralistic. The compilation characteristic, that is, Li Linsong’s perspective on local chronicles, reflected in the book can be used for reference in the compilation of new chronicles. Viewing from the history of Shanghai local chronicles, Jiaqing Shanghai County Annals is a remarkable record which links the past and present.
[Keywords] Li Linsong; Jiaqing Shanghai County Annals; Style; Material Value; Characteristics
Research Review on the History of Charity in the Late Qing Dynasty in the Past Ten Years (2008-2017): Based on the Investigation of the Journal Papers of kns.cnki.net
[Abstract] The seventy years of the late Qing Dynasty were a critical period for the transformation of Chinese philanthropy from tradition to modern times. As a result of the high concern to philanthropy in contemporary China and the further in-depth research of academia, the study on the charity of late Qing Dynasty has made significant progress in the past ten years. However, the current research mainly focuses on charitable figures, charitable organizations and institutions, charitable activities, religious charity, regional charity, charity and media relations. There are still some problems such as imbalance of research topics, singleness of research methods and so on. What needs to be done next is to strengthen the collection and collation of philanthropic historical materials, expand the existing research content and scope, and bring innovation to research methods.
[Keywords] History of charity in the late Qing Dynasty; research review; research topics; research methods; research prospects
In Search of Xu Guangqi’s “Peach Garden in the North of the City”
[Abstract] Xu Guangqi was a famous scholar-bureaucrat in Shanghai and one of the “Three Pillars of Chinese Catholicism” in the Ming Dynasty. His legacy includes many historical sites in Shanghai. Apart from the well-known Tomb of Xu Guangqi and Jiujian Lou (Former Residence of Xu Guangqi), there is also a "Peach Garden in the North of the City". Previously, scholars believed it would be impossible to know the exact location of the Garden due to lack of literature information. The author got to know the lost garden from the Shanghai Prefectures Old Records Series compiled by the Shanghai Chronicles Office and the History Compilation Bureau of Greater Shanghai. This paper traces back to the former site of Xu’s Peach Garden, combs its hundreds of years of experience and stories to demonstrate the virtues of Xu, a famous and talented person of Shanghai. Through the continuous records of local chronicles in past dynasties, the historical evolution and causes of a garden and a site can be sorted out, making the study of local history integrate more sense of space and scene, which is also a prominent material feature of the local old chronicles in the study of literature and history.
[Keywords] Xu Guangqi; Peach Garden; Worldly Affairs (Yue Shi Pian); Shanghai County Annals; The Ordnance Factory; The Shanghai General Hospital
Competition and Cooperation BetweenZhejiang Merchants and Shanghai Merchants: Repurchase Case of Shanghai Waterworks Co. Ltd. (1915-1917)
[Abstract] Shanghai Waterworks Co., Ltd. was the earliest water supply company run independently by the Chinese and the first Chinese-run waterworks in Shanghai. The company was invested and operated by Cantonese businessmen in 1897. Shanghai local gentry merchants had always wanted to engage in the management. Due to arrearage, in the spring of 1915, the company was taken by the government, which created opportunities for Shanghai’s local gentry merchants to compete for management rights. While Lu Bohong, the representative of Shanghai gentry merchants, was actively engaging in the buy back, the company was successfully repurchased by a Zhejiang businessman Yao Mulian. This could largely be credited to Yao Mulian’s family background, which had a relationship by affinity to Sheng Xuanhuai, making the upper-class channel unobstructed; in addition to his family wealth, he was also backed up by the powerful Zhejiang merchant groups; moreover, he himself was a resourceful man. In the face of the competition of the Shanghai local gentry merchants and the difficulties laid ahead, Yao Mulian timely and effectively resorted to various countermeasures and eventually won the approval of local gentry merchants and officials in Shanghai.
[Keywords] Shanghai Waterworks Co., Ltd.; Buy Back; Yao Mulian; Lu Bohong; Competition and Cooperation