英文目录和摘要（Contents and Abstracts） 2019/07/05
Shanghai Local Chronicles
2018, Issue 3
The Construction Origin of Local Chronicles Study Discipline Based on the Perspective of Discipline Studies
[Abstract] Local Chronicles Study is both ancient and young. Under the guidance of disciplinary theory, this paper analyses the historical process of discipline construction of Local Chronicles Study. It believes that Local Chronicles Study was formed in the Qian-Jia Period of Qing Dynasty in the sense of traditional Chinese academics; the Republic of China period was the constructing age of modern academic disciplines, during which time the modern transformation of Local Chronicles Study began to take place; and the updating of the transformed Local Chronicles Study was successively achieved in the 1980s.
[Keywords] Local Chronicles Study; Discipline System; Discipline Studies
Reconsideration of Zhang Xuecheng's Ideas on History and Chronicles
[Abstract] In the development history of the Chinese local chronicles, it is generally believed that the chronicle is the historical annals” was Zhang Xuecheng's classical understanding of the relationship between history and chronicles. If we examine carefully, however, we can find even though Zhang Xuecheng pointed out that local chronicles belonged to the category of historiography, he did not identify the local chronicles with history. Therefore, it is of great significance for the reconstruction and development of local historiography disciple and for the promotion of the compilation of local historiography to review Zhang Xuecheng's thoughts on history and chronicles.
[Keywords] Zhang Xuecheng; Thoughts on the Relation between History and Chronicles; Academic Textual Research
Overview of the Theoretical Study of Local Chronicles in 2017
[Abstract] In 2017, the Local Chronicles Study maintained the steady progress of the recent years. Firstly, more than 400 papers on Local Chronicles Study were published; secondly, some breakthroughs in the research methods and perspectives of local chronicles were made. Many papers applied the research methods of contemporary Western historiography theory and other disciplines; additionally, some local chronicles researchers advanced with the times and paid close attention to the changes of national policies and new technologies to seek the development of Local Chronicles Study. However, the current situation of Local Chronicles Study is not optimistic if viewing from the research results in 2017. For instance, few papers are of high quality; the content of Local Chronicles Study is still limited; lack of academic exchanges between the scientific R&D institutions of universities and the chronicles offices of provinces and cities. In view of this, there is a long way to go for the discipline construction of Local Chronicles Study.
[Keywords] 2017; Local Chronicles Study; Local Chronicles Study Theory; Overview
Behind the Conflict Text--The Image Transformation of Yang Qiancheng in the Old Local Chronicles
[Abstract] Yang Qiancheng’s faith had a certain impact on the overseas Chinese in the era of Port Yuegang and Port Amoy. The survival time and religious factions of its prototype remains controversial to date. It is found through the textural research of historical anthropology that the "Tang Monk Qiancheng" and "Taoist Yang Qiancheng in the 3rd year of Chongning Period of Song” were actually two different men. The so-called Yang Qiancheng's poems were actually the far-fetched works written by the Qing people, and the historical context behind them was the reflection of historical changes since the Ming and Qing dynasties.
[Keywords] Yang Qiancheng; South-Fukien Culture; Faith of Overseas Chinese; Manichaeism; Historical Anthropology
Thoughts on the Recording of Special Chronicles of Shareholding System Enterprises at Municipal Level
[Abstract] In the second round of local chronicles compilation in Shanghai, there is a place for the special chronicles of enterprises at municipal level; and the delimitation of the second round of local chronicles codification happened to be after the third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee and when the national economic development gradually turned from planned economy to socialist market economy. In this context, the transformation and development of Shanghai's state-owned enterprises became a very important issue, in which the shareholding system reform was the top priority in the reform of state-owned enterprises, and should be included as a very valuable record content in the special chronicles of enterprises at municipal level. To this end, by combining her own compilation experience, the author has faithfully recorded the historical significance of the shareholding system reform of Shanghai state-owned enterprises and the positive role of history as a mirror for the governance. The argumentation mainly includes four aspects: the origin and content of enterprise reform, the establishment and operation of modern enterprise system, the role and status of the organizations of the Party and the Trade Union in enterprise reform, the problems of the compilation elements of enterprise shareholding system reform and the solutions.
[Keywords] Special Chronicles of Enterprises at Municipal Level; Recording; Shareholding System; Thoughts
On the Basic Principles of Local Chronicles in Inheriting and Carrying Forward the Excellent Traditional Chinese Culture
[Abstract] Compile chronicles in the flourishing age, and record the flourishing age in chronicles. It is an obligatory important responsibility and glorious mission for the local chronicles in and out the system in the new era, especially the local chronicles people to inherit and carry forward the excellent traditional Chinese culture. The paper emphasizes the great value of local chronicles in inheriting and carrying forward the excellent traditional Chinese culture, and expounds the five basic principles of local chronicles in inheriting and carrying forward the excellent traditional Chinese culture, including innovation, integration, coordination, openness and sharing. It lays a solid theoretical foundation for the follow-up in-depth study, especially the practical work for strengthening and improving the local chronicles in inheriting and promoting the excellent traditional Chinese culture, and better promoting and driving the overall transformation and upgrading of the local chronicles undertaking in China.
[Keywords] Local Chronicles; Excellent Traditional Chinese Culture; Inheriting and Carrying Forward; Basic Principles
On the Value of Almanac and Compilation Informatization
[Abstract] The Almanac is born for people's scientific decision-making needs. The value of the Almanac depends on the purpose and method of readers' use. With the extensive application of network information technology and the deepening of global economic integration, people’s desire for fast and accurate decision-making is increasingly strong. It puts forward higher requirements on the quality of information, the way of obtaining and using it. This article analyses and summarizes the essential value of the Almanac based on the origin of the Almanac and readers' guidance, and analyses the major factors that affect the value of the Almanac. It then proposes methods and practical experience in solving problems with information technology, and provides methods for the content planning, contribution and editing of Almanac.
[Keywords] Almanac; Value; Informatization
Giving Play to the Cultural Effect of Shanghai Almanac in the Belt and Road Construction
[Abstract] The construction of the "Belt and Road" is a long-term national strategy. Shanghai, as the pacesetter and pioneer of the construction of the "Belt and Road", especially the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, is the central hub city of the "Belt and Road" Initiative. Shanghai Almanac should firmly seize the important strategic opportunity period of "going global" strategy of Chinese culture and promoting further development of foreign cultural work, further collect and sort out the clues of modern chorography, strengthen its efforts in recording the contents of the "Belt and Road", give full play to the practical orientation functions of the Almanac in English, promote the exchanges between Chinese and foreign Almanac, give full play to the cultural effect of the "Belt and Road" construction, showcase the soft power of culture, and build a bridge for cultural exchanges between China and foreign countries.
[Keywords] Belt and Road; Shanghai Almanac; Almanac in English; Cultural Effect
On the Compilation and Study of Complete Atlas of Shanghai Antiquated Maps
[Abstract] City map is an important category in urban literature. It is of important value in many aspects to compile a more systematic urban antiquated atlas. This paper discusses the compilation and study of Complete Atlas of Shanghai Antiquated Maps from the aspects of map collection principles, materials sources and characteristics, research value as well as compilation ideas, structure and content, and the situation of uncollected maps.
[Keywords] City Map; Compilation and Study; Academic Research
A Textual Research on the Tibet Chapters in New Chronicles of Xining Prefecture - With Additional Information on the Development of Tibet Local Chronicles in the Early Qianlong Period of the Qing Dynasty
[Abstract] New Chronicles of Xining Prefecture compiled by Yang Yingju in the 12th year of Qianlong Period (1747) was a prefecture chronicles work completed rather earlier in the early Qing Dynasty. New Chronicles of Xining Prefecture is 40 volumes in total. Volume 21 is the chapters on Tibet with the contents of "Tibet", "Tributaries” and "Routes from Xining to Tibet". Under the “Tibet” content, it is listed with more than ten sub-contents. In which, Yang Yingju made a comprehensive record of the natural and social conditions of Tibet. Four features in his record are particularly noteworthy. Several Tibet local chronicles written in the Yongzheng Period and in the early years of Qianlong Period and History of Ming printed in the early years of Qianlong Period were the main sources of chapters on Tibet in New Chronicles of Xining Prefecture. In the Tibet chapters in New Chronicles of Xining Prefecture, Yang Yingju combined the existent Tibet local chronicles by absorbing new material sources, and collating and identifying the existing local chronicles, which promoted the development of Tibet local chronicles in the Qing Dynasty.
[Keywords] Yang Yingju; Tibet Chapters in New Chronicles of Xining Prefecture; Recording Characteristics; Material Sources; Tibet Local Chronicles of Qing
Study on The Complete Chronicles of the Provinces and Regions of the Republic of China: Henan Local Chronicles and Topography of Provinces: Henan
[Abstract] The Complete Chronicles of the Provinces and Regions of the Republic of China: Henan Local Chronicles by Bai Meichu and Topography of Provinces: Henanby Wu Shixun were two representative local chronicles of Henan Province in the 1920s. Compared with other chronicles, these two chronicles books not only preserve a number of important historical materials, but both authors attached great importance to the relationship with foreign countries, and strived to show the various influences of foreign countries on China, with distinct characteristics of the times. In compiling the chronicles, both authors have integrated their professional identities into the process, made an account of the general situation of the country and the suffering of the people's livelihood, reflecting their strong feelings to the family-country. These two books can be said to be a clear stream of the local chronicles compilation at that time, which helped the general public understand the local basic situations, and provided important reference for experts and scholars in their studies at the meantime.
[Keywords] Bai Meichu; Wu Shixun; The Complete Chronicles of the Provinces and Regions of the Republic of China: Henan Local Chronicles; Topography of Provinces: Henan
A Professional, Standard and Dignified Chronicles Book-- Review of Special Chronicles at Shanghai Municipal Level: Ruijin Hospital Special Chronicles
[Abstract] Through the analysis of the medical characteristics, the compilation process of the introduced institutional norms and the dignified achievements of historical materials of Special Chronicles at Shanghai Municipal Level: Ruijin Hospital Special Chronicles, the author points out that the book is a professional, standardized and dignified chronicles.
[Keywords] Ruijin Hospital; Professional; Standard; Dignified