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英文目录和摘要(Contents and Abstracts) 2017/02/23

Shanghai Chronicles

 

·A Preliminary Discussion of the Innovative Practices in the Compilation of the Second-round Chronicles

By Shen Songping

Abstract: Different from the first round, the second round of chronicle compilation in NewChina is enhanced, regulated and improved on the basis of the first round. They are improved in terms of genres, table structures, etc. For example, adjacent chapters are more coherent thanks to skills in genres; new genres like “Special Features” are added and “Economic Overview” is removed; special discourses on reform and opening up, institutional reform, and private economy (non-public sector) are added and there are more contents for culture to correct theproblem of disproportion between economic and cultural categories. However, as most of the compilers in the second round are green hands who haven’t learned much from the first round, they often fall into the illusion of illusive innovation, blind innovation and negative innovation during their innovative practices.

Keywords: Second round of chronicle compilation, innovation, genre, table structure, other aspects

 

 

 

·Thoughts on How to Improve the Quality of Shanghai’s Second-round District Chronicles

By Li Zhiying

Abstract: Local chronicles are one of the Chinese nation’s finest traditions, one of the fountainheads of core socialist values, and nourishment for the nation’s vitality and prosperity, helping with governance, history recording and enlightenment. They play an irreplaceable role in enlightenment and cultural promotion. Currently, most of Shanghai’s second-round district (county) chronicles have been published while the rest of them are either being compiled or edited for the final version. Based on the problems of district chronicles in table structures, style structures, selection and usage of materials, etc., the author tries to elaborate on how to continuously improve the quality of district chronicles from the aspects of team building, material collection, revisions, etc.

Keywords: Second round of chronicle compilation, district chronicles, compilation quality, thoughts

 

 

 

·On How to Write Coherent Chronicles from the Perspective of Universal Connection of Things: A Few Humble Opinions on the Coherence of Chronicles

By Wang Jingzhong

Abstract: Judging from the chronicles that have been published, some of them severe the connectionsamong different categories. As the authors lack coherent writing skills, the chronicles readers see only collections of independent categories which fail to fully reflect the bigger picture of a place or record the deeper aspects of the region. When compiling a chronicle, the compilers should capture three threads of a place, i.e. “society, ecology and local features”, and epitomize the chronicle in “Overview” to comprehensively and faithfully record the nature, society, history, and current status of a place and present a comprehensive, objective, and solid picture of its history to the readers.

Keywords: Coherence, three threads, overview

 

 

 

The Cultural Expression and Social Interaction of Gentry Local Writing in Early Republic of ChinaTakeDantu Countyas an Example

By Wang Yuzhou

Abstract: The Republic of China "Dantu County" is based on "Dantu County of Guangxu County" and "Dantu County". The compilation of the three chronicles from the writers to the text system, content, have a considerable continuity. From the government's decree, see from the central down to the province and then down to the county, township revision order, and by the records of the case and the various levels of the promulgation of the compilation of regulations, the principle of consultation to see a more complete compilation process. At the same time, there are relevant personnel memoirs, diaries and other information, to repair the details of the Zhi added. This paper attempts to discuss the political identity of local writers under the new political order. The narration of "the past" shows the understanding of the local community. At the social level, the mobility of the gentry and the participation of the gentry were significantly enhanced in the structural changes of the writing groups, and they became more active in interpreting the local social history. They broadened the scope of this historical narrative and regional identity by their discursive power at the local level as a group of local political forces, which in turn were integrated by the higher-order regional political groups and increasingly incorporated into hierarchical Of the social structure, in the new political and cultural order re-positioning.

Keywords: Local history, society, culture, order, identity

 

 

 

·Correction and Updates of On Tides, Chronicle of Cixi County

By Wang Cui

Abstract: As an appendix of the volume of Mountains and Rivers, Chronicle of Cixi County,On Tides by Yan Su from Song Dynasty was a collection of well-knit and accurately-calculated research records of tides and was of great value in the history of science and technology. As it was transcribed for multiple times, many of its parts were incorrect or missing. This article corrects its source and original name and completes the original text with a few explanations.

Keywords:Chronicle of Cixi County, Yan Su, On Tides

 

 

 

·An Analysis of the Compiling Ideas of Compilers Based on the Forewords of Complete Chronicle of Wuliang Governance Examination in Terms of Six Virtues

By Chen Zhengyun and Niu Wenjing

Abstract:Complete Chronicle of Wuliang Governance Examination in Terms of Six Virtues, compiled under the reign of Qianlong, has six forewords. From them, we can see that the ideas of the compilers were mainly to learn lessons by compiling the chronicle, explore the statecraft, be objective and comprehensive, collect a wide and well-selected range of materials, know the gains and losses from the mirror of history, and be faithful to the time they lived and make the chronicle long-lasting. Such ideas didn’t only guide the compilation of chronicles at that time, but are also of significance to today’s chronicle compilation.

Keywords:Complete Chronicle of Wuliang, compilers, ideas

 

 

 

·A Detailed Study of Yearbook Manuscript Editing: A Brief Analysis of Faithfulness, Simplification, Addition, and Replacement

By Gao Wenzhi

Abstract: Editing of yearbook manuscripts can affect the quality of yearbooks. If the manuscripts are edited in accordance with certain procedures, it can yield more results with less effort.In line with the regulations on chronicle quality and on the basis of the requirements for and real cases of yearbook manuscript editing, this article sums up four methods, i.e. faithfulness, simplification, addition, and replacement. In short, they are “one body with two wings.”

Keywords: Yearbook, manuscript, editing, methods

 

 

 

·A Strategy Study of the Standards of Compiling Chronicles of Events in College Yearbooks with the Compilation of the Chronicle of Events in Shanghai Normal University’s Yearbook as an Example

By Song Lili

Abstract: The standards of yearbooks’ chronicles of events are mainly reflected in contents, formats, work processes, etc. Based on the analysis of the compiling standards of the chronicle of events in Shanghai Normal University’s yearbook, this article aims to provide reasonable suggestions and strategies regarding the standards of compilers’ identity, compilation principles, editing process, terms and expressions, text writing in yearbooks’ chronicles of events.

Keywords: College, chronicle of events, standards, strategies

 

 

 

·A Brief Study of the Ten-Thousand-Buddha Tower in Jinhua

By Fu Jian

Abstract:Once a landmark of the ancient town of Jinhua, the Ten-Thousand-Buddha Tower was lionized by the local people. Unfortunately, it was destroyed in wars. Recently, a new Ten-Thousand-Buddha Tower has been built in another location. This article attempts to interpret its origin, development, evolution, destruction, and rebirth from the perspective of local chronicles.

Keywords: Jinhua, Ten-Thousand-Buddha Tower, brief study, local chronicles

 

 

 

·The Historical Contributions of Rong Changxiang Advertising Agency in the Republic of China

By Huang Zhan

Abstract: In the era of the Republic of China, Shanghai’s commercial prosperity promoted a boom of its advertising industry. Many advertising agencies (or advertising departments of companies) specialized in outdoor advertising. Rong Changxiang was a company specializing in outdoor advertising then. As the largest one with the greatest variety of products and the highest level of design, it made unique historical contributions to the outdoor advertising design and designer training back then and even the establishment of an advertising industry in People’s Republic of China. Its “Western-style” advertising management model integrated “workshop” production into the operation of modern enterprises, which had tremendous impact on the outdoor advertising industry and the modernization of cities back then. Based on Rong Changxiang’s diversified design patterns, ideas, management, and other features, this article aims to look into the development and evolution of the agency itself and analyze its influence and boosting effects inside and outside the industry to dig into its impacts and contributions in the era of the Republic of China.

Keywords: Rong Changxiang Advertising Agency, outdoor advertising, evolution, design innovation, social values

 

 

 

·Imaginations of Positive Figures and the Shackles of Political Criteria: Early Radio Figures in Radio and TV Chronicles

By Liu Shufeng

Abstract: Although the first round of chronicle compilation in NewChina has been mostly completed, records of the Republic of China in many radio and TV chronicles are insufficient. It’s especially so in terms of early radio figures. In the radio and TV chronicles of the first round, “too few figures were mentioned” and “too fewof them were from the official or private radio stations of the Kuomintang,” and “the figures were also recorded in a rather monotonous style.”Those problems were due to people’s belief that only “politically correct and positive figures” could be compiled into the chronicles. As a result, many early figures that truly contributed to the development of China’s radio industry were not recorded appropriately. In the new round of chronicle compilation, compilers should emancipate their minds, make remedies as soon as possible, and record the early figures that contributed to China’s radio industryin various ways.

Keywords: Radio and TV chronicles, figures, positive figures, political criteria

 

 

 

·A Masterpiece with Detailed and Profound Geographical and Cultural Information: A Review of Feidong County Chronicle (1986 - 2005)

By Li Changzhi

Abstract: The new edition of Feidong County Chroniclehas an excellent “Overview” summarizing the essential information without omissions, a sensible structure and innovative chapters, stresses cultural contents, covers literature and history, combines figures and tables, uses various styles, adds new contents and what’ s missing in the last edition, and attaches importance to the index. Readable as a chronicle, it improves the cultural quality of local chronicles and is worth studying and learning from.

Keywords:Feidong County Chronicle,detailed geographical information, profound cultural information