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英文目录与摘要(Contents and Abstracts) 2017/02/23

Shanghai Chronicles 

 

•On the Influence of Mainstream Schools of Thoughts on Chronicles in Ancient Times

                               By Han Zhangxun(4)

Abstract:The influence of mainstream schools ofthoughts on chronicles in ancient times is an important subject in the development of chronicles, and there was no discourse on this subject prior to this article. This article is comprised of four parts. Part one briefly discusses the influence of various schools of thoughts, Confucian classicsand Buddhist studies on chronicles before the Song Dynasty; part two elaborates on the influence of Neo-Confucianism on chronicles in Song, Yuan, Ming and early Qing dynasties; part three elaborates on the influence of Simple and Plain Learning on chronicles in Qing Dynasty; and part four elaborates on the influence of Western Learning (including evolutionary studies of history and materialistic studiesof history) on chronicles.

Keywords:Ancient times, mainstream schools ofthoughts, chronicles, influence

 

 

•A Humble Interpretation of the Concept of “Seeking the Ultimate Way Through Chronicle Compilation”

By Mei Sen (11)

Abstract: Premier of the State CouncilLi Keqiang brought forward the concept of “seekingthe ultimate way through chroniclecompilationto inspire the future.” As the author of this article understands it, it’s a requirement ofa state leader on chroniclecompilation for all chronicle compilers in the country from the perspective of governance and regime. “The Ultimate Way” epitomizes the ultimate views about the universe and the world, the fundamental laws of everything,and the supreme wisdom of the Chinese nation,and represents the common aspiration of China’s philosophy, historical studies, literature and all the other aspects of our 5,000-year culture. It is also the relentless pursuit of chronicle compilers in all ages. Since chronicles adopted a fixed pattern in Song Dynasty, there has been a great many of discourses and practiceson how to “seek, express, appreciate and comprehend theultimate way” though chroniclecompilation. New socialist chronicle compilers need to find breakthrough points in the contentsand adopt a down-to-earth, people-oriented and historically consistent style. We should produce great chronicles qualified for“seeking the ultimate way” from the perspective of society, “expoundingthe Party’s ideas, preserving national historyand compilingfor the people”; and “recordinggains and losses, praisingand blamingin a penetrating and clarified manner.”

Keywords: Seeking the ultimate way through chroniclecompilation, humble interpretation

 

 

•A Preliminary Study of the Evolving Course of the Economic Chapters in the Old Chronicles of Shanghai and the Enlightenment

By Fan Hongtao (16)

Abstract: With the 64 existing old chronicles of Shanghai as its subjects, this article probes into the category of their economic chapters and relates how their status and ranking order in the entire chronicles developed and evolved. It is discovered that their structures show the following features: they were mainly short articles in Song Dynasty, short and medium-length articles from Ming to middle Qing, and almost allmedium in late Qing and the era of Republic of China. The findings have important enlightenment on the compilation of contemporary chroniclesregarding the structure and contents.

Keywords: Shanghai, old chronicles, economic chapters, evolving course, enlightenment

 

 

•Analysis of and Thoughts on the Records of “Maritime Silk Road” in Shanghai Chronicles

By Shen Yongqing (25)

Abstract: Shanghai was one of the important starting points of the “Maritime Silk Road” in ancient times. Its silk road stemmed from Qinglong Town in Tang Dynastyand thrived in Song and Yuan dynasties thanks to the Shanghai Port. In the Qing Dynasty, Jianghai Customswasestablished and lasted until the Republic of China, making Shanghai an international trading and financial center in the Far East. Shanghai Chronicles recorded every aspect of Shanghai’s Maritime Silk Road vertically and horizontally from multiple perspectives, exhibiting great literature, academic and social value and providing lessons for the 2nd and 3rd compilations of chronicles regarding the records of “One Belt and One Road.”

Keywords:Shanghai Chronicles, Maritime Silk Road, One Belt and One Road

 

 

•A Preliminary Study of the Compilation of Provincial Specialized Chronicles’ Appendices

By Gao Yan (29)

Abstract: Appendices are an important part of chronicles, andan important genre of chronicles. However, during the two compilations of provincial chronicles, appendices were not valued as they should be and their functions were not given full play, which affected the chronicles’ overall quality. Therefore, this article starts with further probing into the definitions and functions of appendices, analyzes the problems in the provincial specialized chronicles, and explores the approaches to improving the quality of appendices.

Keywords: Provincial specialized chronicles, appendices, functions, quality

 

 

•An Exploration of the Chronicle IndexCompilation

By Zhang Xiaolian (33)

Abstract: Index is an indispensable part of chronicles. On the basis of years of experience and references, the author elaborates on the compilationof chronicle index. The articlewill play an important role inpromoting innovative chronicle compilation and bringing domestic practicesin line with international standards.

Keywords: Chronicleindex, compilation methods, indexing entries

 

 

•On the Compilation of China’s College Yearbooks Since 1980s

By Zhou Xiaoyan (37)

Abstract: Based on China’s college yearbooks compiled since 1980s, this article analyzes common problems and proposes solutions and suggestions for their compilation in the future.

Keywords: College yearbooks, compilation, analysis, suggestions

 

 

•Humble Thoughts on the Online Compilation of  Yearbooks

By Hu Yongjun (43)

Abstract: In the digitalized information age and Internet era, the development of modern information technology and Internet technology creates opportunities for the yearbook compilation, as well as challenges. Simple, enclosed and inefficient compiling methods have fallen far short of the new requirements, while online compilation becomes an irresistible trend.  This article probes into four aspects, namely, the background and status quoof online yearbook compilation in Shanghai, the effects of online compilation in promoting the innovativeyearbook publication, new problems brought about by online compilation, and suggestions on and prospectsof online compilation.

Keywords: Yearbook, online compilation, publication

 

 

•A Preliminary Study of Collection and Screening of Materials for YearbookMemorabilia

By Zhao Dongying (47)

Abstract:Memorabilia is a style that lists the major events in a year in chronological order with concise language. A memorabilia should value diversified contents, take down novelties that emerge in an area for the first time, and focus on regionally characteristic events. Compilers should collect materials through multiple channels and at multiple levels, such as government briefs, information posted on government websites, periodicals and yearbook drafts. They should select the contents cautiously, focus on local features, record the time correctly and screen the materials repeatedly. A memorabilia should faithfully record economic, political, cultural, social and Party building conditions, reflect the annual highlights, local features and spirit of the time of a place,and exhibit authentic facts, correct perspectives, complete data and indexical convenience so as to offer better service to general readers.

Keywords: Yearbook, memorabilia, materials, selection

 

 

•Thoughts on the Standardization of Yearbook Index

By Ma Liyuan (50)

Abstract: The author randomly selected 29 yearbooks of 2011 for survey. Based on the survey and the practice of compiling Fengxian Yearbook, the author summarizes the domestic status quoof yearbook indexcompilation, analyzes its lagging developmentand proposes some solutions.

Keywords: Yearbook, index, standardization

 

 

•Thoughts and Practice on Yearbook Compilation Team Building

By Xu Zhong and Xia Fei (54)

Abstract: As yearbook is a spiritual and cultural product, the competence of its compilers has a direct bearing on its conditions and existence, and is the key to yearbook standardization and innovation. To produce yearbooks of high quality, first you need a highly competent compiler team. Only by thejoint effortsof competent compilerscan we keep yearbook compilation fruitful and innovative. Based on the practice of compiling Yangpu Yearbook, this article proposes a few thoughts: the first is about the status quoof yearbook compiler team; the second is to keep a grip on the “root” of organizational development and build a complete, interactive and efficient compilation system by integrating departments and regions at different levels; the third is to sublimate the “soul”, i.e., ideological and professional development, and strengthen the sense of responsibility and professionalism of the compiler team; and the fourth is to improve the “foundation”, i.e., legal system and institutional building, to safeguard the efficient operation, harmony and stability of the compiler team.

Keywords: Yearbook, Yangpu Yearbook, team building, quality improvement

 

 

•Local Chronicles and “Silk Road”: A Study of Regional Surnames

— In the Case of Guanzhong - Tianshui Economic Zone and Its Surrounding Areas

By Ma Xinjian (59)

Abstract: The culture of regional surnames is part of chronicles, as well as a resource for regional cultural development. Tianshui is one of the cultural headstreams of China’s surnames:FuXifrom Tianshui established the root of all Chinese surnames; the Jiangs of Tianshui flourished; the Fusfounded Former Qin Dynasty; the Zhaos ruled the Song Dynasty which was called “The Dynasty of Tianshui”by the academia. In history there weremany renowned namesin the region of Longshang and Tianshui. If you compare Guanzhong and Tianshui, you’ll see they have complementary ancient cultures and a few major surnames which are interconnected. Guanzhong - Tianshui is where the Chinese nation finds its root and worships its ancestors. The new chronicles should innovate in their chapters, record the culture of surnames and reflect the stately regional history and culture. Chronicles should include the culture of surnames into its overall structure and a book series on surnames should be compiled with a comprehensive plan. Compilers should comprehend the connections, backgrounds and turning points and integrate the chronicle workforces in Guanzhong - Tianshui Economic Zone to jointly develop the resources of surname culture and play their due role in reviving the “Silk Road” and accelerating the implementation ofThe Belt and Road Initiatives .

Keywords:Chronicles, Silk Road, culture of surnames, development, Guanzhong - Tianshui Economic Zone

 

 

Development of “Model Villages” in Suburban Shanghai in Early 1980sProvided Basic Lessons for the Decision-Making of the Central Government

By Liu Jian, Yu Junjun and Zhu Hui (68)

Abstract: In the Spring of 1981, Shanghai Communist Youth League first proposed and experimentedthe development of “Model Villages”in China. On March 13th, 1982, the Youth League Committee of Shanghai and the Agricultural and Rural Affairs Committee of Shanghai convened a site conference on “Model Villages” in Songjiang County. Its five conference documents and appendices are among the valuable files and documents in China’s history of cultural and ideological development. After the No.27 Document of CPC Central Committee (1982) was issued, the Youth League Committee of Shanghai connected with the Publicity Department CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee and the Agricultural and Rural Affairs Committee of Shanghai for the development of “Model Villages” in Shanghai.To sum up, Shanghai’s pilot program from February 1981 to April 1984 provided important foundationfor the central government’s decision of transforming the socialist cultural and ideological developmentfrom “Five Stresses and Four Beauties” to the creation of “Model Villages”, model units and model urban districts.

Keywords: Early 1980s, suburban Shanghai, Model Villages, decision-makingof the central government, foundation

 

 

•A Preliminary Study of “Shanghai Workers’ Movement Historical Data Committee” in 1950s

By Ma Jun(79)

Abstract: Shanghai Workers’ Movement Historical Data Committee existed from 1952 to 1958 as partof Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions. It wasmainly in charge of collecting, reorganizing and investigating the historical data on the workers’ movements of Shanghai before liberation. Based on memoirs, files and documents, this article attempts to summarize the committee’s course of actions.

Keywords: Shanghai Workers’ Movement Historical Data Committee, historical evolution, 1950s

 

 

•The Source and Development of Shanghai Shipbuilding School’s Shipping-Related Disciplines

— For the 150th Anniversary of Fujian Academy of Shipping Affairs

By Zhou Xinmin and Zhou Qin (84)

Abstract: With regard to the first comprehensive shipbuilding school in People’s Republic of China, Shanghai Shipbuilding School, this article suggests that the source of shipping-related disciplines in its early history should be traced back to China’s first shipbuilding school, Fujian Academy of Shipping Affairs founded in 1866.Accordingly, the Jiangsu University of Science and Technology that evolved from Shanghai Shipbuilding Schoolshould be the successor ofFujian Academy of Shipping Affairs, rather than Shanghai Dagong Vocational School founded in 1933.

Keywords: Shanghai Shipbuilding School, shipping-related disciplines, Fujian Academy of Shipping Affairs, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, evolution

 

 

•Stories and Facts: Reinterpretation of the Origin of the Horizontal Board Inscribed “Hui Wo Nan Li” of Xiangshan Temple, Huaibei

By Wang Tao (88)

Abstract: About the origin of the horizontal board inscribed “Hui Wo Nan Li(Let Huaibei People Be Blessed” currently preserved by Xiangshan Temple, Huaibei, Anhui, a locally popular explanation is that the board was inscribed by the Qianlong Emperor when he visited South China. The story is so popular that it serves as the foundation of people’s explanation of the boardand the 1999 version of Huaibei Chronicles actually included the story as a folktale with the title of “Origin of Hui Wo Nan Li.” However, folktales are different from historical facts. According to newly discovered documents, the author found that the Qianlong Emperor inscribed the board on the petition of Qiu Yuexiu, the then vice minister of finance, in the 23rd year of his reign. On the first day of the 24th year of Qianlong’s reign, the board was hung on the initiative of Gao Jin, the then provincial governor of Anhui. Thus the untruthful story is corrected and the folktale is distinguished from historical facts.

Keywords: Huaibei Xiangshan Temple, Hui Wo Nan Li, Qianlong, Qiu Yuexiu, Gao Jin, stories and facts