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英文目录和摘要(Contents and Abstracts) 2017/02/23

Shanghai Chronicles

 

• A Decade of Painstaking Efforts

      --Brief Review of the Compilation and Publication of Shanghai Prefectures Old Records Series

By Lü Ruifeng(4)

    Abstract: Shanghai Prefectures Old Records Series with a total of 40 million Chinese characters, 36 books in 11 volumes completed in a matter of nine years roughly includes "the administrative areas in today’s Shanghai City; the records of prefectures, regions, counties, bureaus...from ancient times to 1949” . The paper briefly reviews the compilation process, including research and investigation, collecting of the master copies, punctuation collating, publishing and other steps.

    Key Words: Shanghai Prefectures Old Records, collating; punctuation collating, publication, review

 

 

• The “Brain Up” Function of Local Chronicles

    -- Congratulation on the Completion of Shanghai Prefectures Old Records Series

By Wang Jiafan(9)

    Abstract: Shanghai prefecture records first appeared in the Song Dynasty at the time of the Chinese economic centre moving from north to south, showing a distinct mark of historical change. By studyingShanghai Prefectures Old Records Series, the author concludes: the developed economy of regions south of the Yangtze River since the Song and Ming dynasties is the result of the long period of natural accumulation and objective conditions rather than the government stimulus-led product. Considerable memoirs of the fiscal reform are preserved in the ancient literature of Shanghai area, quite beneficial to the governance.

    Key Words: Shanghai Prefectures Old Records Series, series, economy of regions south of the Yangtze River, fiscal reform; governance

 

 

• Serving the Society, Development and Innovation

      --Review on the Publication of Shanghai Prefectures Old Records Series

By Xu Hongxin(12)

    Abstract: Local chronicles contain rich historical materials and are a valuable cultural heritage of the Chinese nation. Shanghai is among the most developed regions in China in chronicle compilation with a long and profound tradition in chronicle compilation, where many high quality chronicles can be found owing to the prevailing private documenting. According to the author's incomplete statistics, there had been at least 340 chronicles and chronicle materials of various kinds in different levels in Shanghai by1949, but only about 180 of them are in existence at present. Editing and publishing the old records in Shanghai is significant not only in terms of preserving the precious historical documents, but also to explore this precious resource to bring services to the society, development and innovation.

    Key Words: Shanghai Prefectures Old Records, characteristics, preservation, utilization

 

 

• On the Compilation and Preservation of Old Local Chronicles in Shanghai Area

By Yang Junyi, Zhang Yuye, Chen Chang(15)

    Abstract: Since the issuing of the imperial order of compiling map records in the Daye Period of the Ming Dynasty, the compilation of local chronicles gradually became an official position and official responsibility of the local officials, passing down from generation to generation, with substantial achievements. Shanghai, with its thriving economy in regions south of the Yangtze River, has been recorded in local annals and biographies during the Six Dynasties. The earliest separate chronicle Huating Map Records available for textual research was compiled before the Dazhong Xiangfu Period of the Northern Song Dynasty and earliest township chronicle Qinglong Mixed Records available for textual research was issued in the Jiayou Period of the Northern Song Dynasty. The earliest existing old chronicle Yunjian Records completed in the Shaoxi Period of the Southern Song Dynasty is concise, rigorous, precise and elegant and widely celebrated in the academia. The chronicle compilation in Shanghai prevailed from the Ming Dynasty to the years before the liberation, leaving the world with 132 kinds to date, second to none among municipalities directly under the Central Government. They contribute a lot to the development of local chronicles both in terms of quantity and variety as well as quality works.

    Key Words: Shanghai, old chronicles

 

 

• The Influential Effects and Utilization Plan of Shanghai Prefectures Old Records Series

By Yu Lu, Zhai Hui, Li Hongzhen(18)

    Abstract: With the completion of the compilation and publication of Shanghai Prefectures Old Records Series at the end of 2015, Shanghai thus became the first area of administrative division at the provincial level in China to have competed the punctuation collating and publishing work of prefecture chronicles. This undertaking has evoked important impact and subsequent effects on academic world and the society by large. Chronicle compilation is for practical purposes, so we should fully tap the resources of local chronicles, comply with the development trends of the information society by means of compiling history textbooks, teaching materials for primary and secondary schools and producing audio and video programmes on mobile Internet platforms to improve the utilization ratio.

    Key Words: Prefecture Old Records Series, impact, utilization

 

 

• Further Discussion on the Research of Genre and Style of Chronicles

By Chen Zehong(21)

    Abstract: This paper makes a further discussion on the definition of genre and style of the available research on chronicles, the relationship between genre and style, the constraints of genre on chronicles compilation work among other issues. It is defined that the chronicle genre in narrow sense is part of the chronicle genre in broad sense. How to create new styles that help safeguard the chronicle genre should be the basic point in the discussion of chronicle style structure. The overriding value of the formation and existence of chronicle genre lies in the "history keeping” function of seeking truth from facts, which should be strengthened by adjusting the style and improving specifications. Any kind of attempts should not be denied as long as it is not divorced from this direction.

    Key Words: chronicles, genre, style, research

 

 

• Cultivation of Awareness in Constant Learning, Theories and Practice for Chronicle Workers

By Zhu Xi(27)

    Abstract: The cultivation of chronicle workers is a long process. The personnel in this field should strengthen their awareness in constant learning, theories, and practice, and carry them out through the chronicle compilation process.

    Key Words: chronicle workers, awareness of constant learning, awareness of theories, awareness of practice

 

 

• Background Analysis on Shanhae Almanac for 1854

By Zhou Zhenhe(33)

    Abstract: Shanhae Almanac for 1854 is the third issue of Shanhae Almanac published by North China Herald. The book title is “Shanhae Almanac for 1854", but if we dig deep the origin of the word “Almanac, we’ll find it actually covers contents other than calendar. So it should be translated as "Shanghai Almanac" instead of "Shanghai Calendar". Since almanac contains both meanings of yearbook and calendar, it must be associated with a culture or a region. It is a matter of significant importance to collect and collate the concession and Shanghai City information released by the Chinese and Western newspapers, magazines, books and journals in Shanghai area in the early stage, and to analyse and observe, from the massive information, the process of Shanghai urban modernization since its opening and the change of Shanghai cityscape from1850 to the 20th century. But most modern literature are scattered and lost. Such precious information literature is often unattainable. The Shanhae Almanac for 1854 recently purchased from the Luo’s collection by Shanghai Library is a very precious ancient book. As recorded inBibliotheca Sinica the Almanac is a series of ten books from 1852 to 1863 (not available for the two years of 1859 and 1862), but not all of them can be retrieved. The continuously published Shanhae Almanac is absolutely valuable historical data to the research and observations of Shanghai cityscape changes year by year after its opening. Rare as such, Shanhae Almanac is worthy of our careful study. Meanwhile,Study on Shanhae Almanac for 1854 is the comprehensive introduction and analysis to the earliest available copy of Shanhae Almanac, aiming to help readers have a glimpse of the cityscape of Shanghai in its early opening stage.

    Key Words: Shanhae Almanac for 1854, Almanac, city information, change

 

 

• On the Frame Structure of the First Issue of Shanghai Almanac of the Republic of China

By Zhang Jianming(40)

    Abstract: By analysing the frame structure of Shanghai Almanac (1935), this paper proposes the compendium style and compilation methods of the first issue almanac and the local comprehensive almanac. The first issue almanac should look at the whole picture and deal with the relationship between commonness and individuality, and the relationship between the year and historical data. Local comprehensive almanac should focus on “comprehensive” and highlight the holistic and systemic thinking by including all possible items in time line.

    Key Words: Shanghai City, almanac, framework, first issue, 1935

 

 

• Analysis on the Problems found in Hubei Construction Almanac

By Wang Shaoming(44)

    Abstract: This paper makes a summary and analysis on the seven problems found in the Hubei Construction Almanac, including mixed styles, improper selection, and exaggerated comments. It suggests that the quality of almanac be improved regarding strengthening literacy, category settings, material selection, seeking refinement and properness, and the editing work be improved by means of reforming work system, changing the framework of almanac and unifying the style of almanac.

    Key Words: Hubei, construction almanac, problems, quality, editing

 

 

• Local Characteristics Embodied in Zhangjiagang Almanac

By Wang Danwei(50)

    Abstract: Almanac is an important part of local culture undertaking and is a city's cultural image. The almanac formed by a unique city can be of historical value and with enhanced readability only when it can fully embody the local characteristics.

    Key Words: Almanac, local, characteristics, Zhangjiagang, Laoshan District

 

 

• Brief Discussion on Category Settings of Comprehensive Local Almanac

By Wu Kun(54)

    Abstract: It is necessary for a relatively mature almanac to have a relatively reasonable and comparatively stable frame structure. The key in designing a better framework lies in category (column) settings. The concept of the local comprehensive almanac is featured by comprehensive almanac and chronicle and is the unity of the universality and particularity of the category design philosophy of the two. Category settings include featured categories setting in addition to the general category setting. Category setting runs through the classification principles, and the setting of featured category is to break through the principles of classification, reflecting the unity of the principle and flexibility in category settings. A reasonable framework, in particular, its category schema, is implemented in the process of adjusting, namely, the category adjustment is absolute, but after all, such adjustment is individual, without affecting the overall structure, and thus is relative. It is just the unity of absolute and relativity of the category adjustment that promotes the framework structure to be more mature and stable.

    Key Words: concept of category settings, category settings

 

 

• Brief Discussion on Compilation of “Memorabilia” of Local Comprehensive Almanac

By Han Li(59)

    Abstract: The compilation of “Memorabilia” of local comprehensive almanac outlines the major events of historical value, improves and maximizes the instrumental role of the almanac. In compilation, issues such as selection standards and the attitudes and methods of expression should be well-grasped. The compilation of "Memorabilia" should also advance with the times.

    Key Words: Memorabilia, selection, expression

 

 

• The Evolution Path of Shanghaipu-Hongkou Port

By Jin Yichao(63)

    Abstract: As recorded in Hongkou District Chronicles: Hongkou Port, also known as Shahong, Chuanhong, is located in the south of the district. It starts from the Huangpu River in the south and leads to the Jiaxing Bridge Road in the north where it connects Yujingpu. The watercourse used to be the northern section of Shanghaipu. A few pieces of important information are implied in these few sentences: as the geographical coordinates of the origin of Shanghai, Shanghaipu hasn’t been completely wiped out; from the Yuan Dynasty to date, it has undergone changes from Shanghaipu-Shahong-Hongkou Port; its current location is in the south of the Hongkou District and it still connects with the Huangpu River. Shanghaipu is the participant and witness of Shanghai’s development from a fishing village to a hub port as well as Hongkou from mud flat to the market district. What contributed to the circuitous spreading of evolution road not only is the natural evolution of the Wusong River-Huangpu River system pattern, but also the wisdom of the water regulation and painstaking efforts and the unyielding spirit of Xia Yuanji, Cui Gong, Hai Rui and other ancient heroes as well as the people along the river banks.

    Key Words: Shanghaipu, Wusong River, Huangpu, channel change, Hongkou

 

 

• The Grain Price Regulation of Local Governments at the Initial Stage of the State Monopoly over Purchase and Marketing Viewed From Chronicles and Archives (Centred in Shanghai 1953-1957)

By Zhao Mingming, Xiao Chunyan(67)

    Abstract: After the founding of the new China, the controlled policy to grains of the central government, in particular the formulation, implementation and development of monopoly over purchase and marketing policy deeply affected every aspect of social life in our country, with the grain price regulation as the core centre. People have different views for the reason of the shifting from the free purchase and marketing to the monopoly over purchase and marketing, but undoubtedly better regulating grain prices was one of the most important starting points for the government to make policy change. The implementation of the monopoly over purchase and marketing policy basically stabled the grain prices. Nevertheless, various problems of price spread had never been rooted out completely. Therefore, the local governments needed to pay more attention to the regulation of the price spread in grains.

    Key Words: the initial period of monopoly over purchase and marketing; grain price; regulation, controlled prices, free prices

 

 

• Study of Shanghai’s Participation in the Rescue and Reconstruction for Tangshan Earthquake from the Perspective of Local Chronicles

By Liu Xiaohong, Liu Xiuxia(73)

   Abstract:After the Tangshan earthquake took place in 1976, Shanghai together with other provinces and cities participated in the post-earthquake rescue and reconstruction. For the rescue and reconstruction of this national disaster, there are a lot of records in many materials including local chronicles. In the time of the 40th anniversary commemoration of the 1976 Tangshan Earthquake, it is necessary to further exploit and study the valuable data in local chronicles, for they’re still of great significance nowadays for the rescue and reconstruction in face of unexpected disasters.

   Key Words:Shanghai; Tangshan Earthquake; local chronicles; rescue; reconstruction

 

 

• Compilation of the Scattered Hesha Chronicles

By Chai Zhiguang(82)

    Abstract: Hesha Chronicles is a local chorography compiled by Zhu Zhiping, a man from Xinchang, Pudong, with his friends in the late Ming and early Qing, mainly covering the records of geography and history of Shijiubao area in Shanghai County. Hesha Chronicles is lost and scattered, but some of the contents can still be found in the relevant chronicles and family trees. This paper makes the compilation of the scatter parts for the readers.

    Key Words: Hesha Chronicles, Zhu Zhiping; compilation of the scattered documents

 

 

• The Contemporary Chronicles Should Attach Importance to Showcase the Local History and Culture

     --Characteristics of the Newly Compiled Zhejiang Cixi Chronicles

By Zheng Zu’an(90)

    Abstract: By carefully extracting the four major historical and cultural themes, Cixi Chronicles has integrated their contents to chronicles and placed them in an important position. By doing so, on the one hand, it highlights the regional personality and enhances the chronicles characteristics; on the other hand, it allows the readers and the society to see the spiritual support and deep drive of the historical changes in cultural aspects. The compilation method of Cixi Chronicles can be a reference for the second-round compilation of other new chronicles.

    Key Words: second-round new chronicles, Cixi Chronicles, history and culture