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宝钢,是一家普通的现代化钢铁联合企业,但她的诞生却有着很不平凡的经历。首先,宝钢工程决策于中共十一届三中全会之前,而建设在三中全会之后,在党的十一届三中全会胜利闭幕的次日,宝钢打下了第一根钢桩,这既标志着我国改革开放决策的胜利实施,也显示了建国以来最大的投资项目,开始迈出了自己坚实的一步。

大凡新的大型建设工程,都具有鲜明的时代特征,宝钢也不例外。她最鲜明的一个特征,就是集中展示了八十年代初世界钢铁工业的新技术。在扬子江畔拔地而起的这座新的现代化钢城,调集了5万余人的设计、施工、生产队伍,他们远别亲人,栉风沐雨,进入工地,在“十年动乱”之后,又怀着光荣、责任和紧迫的心情开始了新的生活、新的战斗,尽管在建设过程中出现过抢建、缓建、下马、复建和扩建,这支久经考验的队伍却始终如一地坚守着自己的岗位,在党中央、国务院统一部署下努力工作。1985年9月15日宝钢第一期工程顺利投产,使宝钢建设有了良好的开端,标志着我国的工人阶级,不仅能够建设一个现代化的钢铁企业,能够掌握大的比国内钢铁企业超前廿年的先进设备和工艺,并且能够生产出具有当代国际水平的产品。

根据中央的决策,在一期工程积极进行中,确定不失时机地着手二期工程建设,也就是按照原来宝钢工程的设计和规模把宝钢建成。1991年6月30日,第二期工程顺利投产,使我国钢铁界出现了新的局面,即形成了汽车用钢和石油用钢为主要生产结构的新格局,正如邓小平同志在1979年宝钢建设初期高瞻远瞩的预言:“历史将证明,建设宝钢是正确的。”十六年来宝钢建设和生产的宏伟实践,生动地证明了邓小平同志的科学论断,宝钢人没有辜负老一辈无产阶级革命家的殷切期望。

十六年的实践结果证明,宝钢的建设是成功的,生产是成功的,改革是成功的,经营管理也同样是成功的。特别是在1993年国民经济从计划经济转向社会主义市场经济以后,在钢铁工业从供不应求转向供大于求,从卖方市场转向买方市场以后,宝钢经受了严峻的考验,取得显著的成果。1993、1994两年统计的结果表明,宝钢均能名列全国效益第一。这个成果是怎么取得的?在编写《宝钢志》的时候,我们不妨认真地总结一下。宝钢所以能取得显著成绩的原因,首先是党中央的重大决策以及党中央、国务院历任领导对宝钢的关怀,国家在并不富裕又处在“十年动乱”恢复元气的时候,拿出三百亿人民币建设宝钢——这个开国以来的最大项目,三百亿是宝钢人衡量自己工作成就的标尺;其次是国务院各部门、上海市及各部门对宝钢建设和生产的具体领导、帮助和支持;再就是全国人民各行各业对宝钢建设的关心、支持和配套建设。这些都是宝钢能够建设好并生产好的基本条件和重要保障。当然,其中也有宝钢人的不懈努力,宝钢人在冶金部和上海市的具体领导下,“继往开来,团结奋进”,在党中央改革开放政策的指引下,在邓小平同志“掌握新技术,要善于学习,更要善于创新”教导的鼓舞下,努力实践,根据大型钢铁联合企业的特点,学习发达国家先进企业的经验,结合中国国情和我国建国四十多年的实践,闯出了一条宝钢自己的办企业道路。

编写《宝钢志》,就是企图在宝钢建设的十六年轨迹上,找出成功的经验与缺点、弱点和不足之处。前车之鉴,后者之师,把宝钢建设者,不管是现在岗位上或已离开岗位者的足迹编写成篇,将使正在岗位上或即将走上宝钢岗位的人们能够“继往开来”,在他们前任工作的基础上作出更大的成绩,在我国钢铁界以至世界钢铁工业发展中发挥更大的作用。

《宝钢志》的编纂、审定和出版工作,得到了上海市地方志办公室、上海市建设系统地方志指导小组及上海市地方志专家、学者的关心、支持和帮助,藉此机会深表谢意。

黎明

1995年3月18日

PREFACE

Baosteel, China's ordinary modernized iron and steel complex, has its own extraordinary experience in its birth. The policy decision for building Baosteel was made before the Third Plenary Session of the CPC 11th Central Committee, yet the construction of Baosteel just began afterward. On the second day after the Third Plenary Session had come to a triumphant close, Baosteel had its first pile driven into earth. That marked the successful implementation of the "Reform &. Opening up" policy in China, and also demenstrated that the largest investment project since the founding of New China had started to develop along its own course.

Any new major project is, in general, endowed with distinctive features of its own age. Baosteel goes without exception. On the bank of the Yangtze River rose abruptly out of ground a completely-new modernized steel giant ——Baosteel, which pooled the up-to-date technology of iron and steel industry in the early eighties. Owing to the needs of design, construction and production, were assembled at the site over 50,000 builders, who left their native places and worked despite wind and rain. After the turmoil of the ten-year "Cultural Revolution", they began their new life and met their new challenges with a strong sense of glory, responsibility and urgency. In spite of the fact that the construction was once rushed, slowed down, abandoned, resumed and expanded in succession, this long-tested rank of builders abided unswervingly on their own posts, working asslduously under the unified disposition of the Party Central Committee and the State Council. At long last, September 15, 1985 saw the successful completion and commissioning of the first-phase project, which heralded a good beginning for Baosteel construction and showed a hallmark that the Chinese working class not only could build a modernized iron and steel complex and master the foreign advanced equipment and technology outstripping about 20 years in comparison with those of domestic iron and steel enterprises, but also could produce such products with the world level of our time.

According to the policy decision of the Central Authorities, it was determined, during the positive implementation of the first-phase project, to lose no time in starting the construction of the second-phase, that's to say, to turn Baosteel into a reality based on the original design and scale of the project. Eventually, June 30, 1991 witnessed the smooth commssioning of the second-phase project, thus presenting the new situation in the Chinese iron and steel circles: Baosteel had evolved such a productive structure as dominated by steel products in use for automobile and petroleum industries. Just as Deng Xiaoping made the far-sighted prediction in 1979 at the initial stage of the construction ——"History will prove that building of Baosteel is correct", so have the splendid achievements in Baosteel construction and production over the sixteen years given eloquent proof of Deng's scientific judgment. Baosteel people have not been unworthy of the ardent expectations of the veteran pro1etarian revolutionaries.

Sixteen years of practice have proved that Baosteel is successful in its construction,production and reform,as well as in its operation and management. Especially, in 1993, what with the shift of the national economy from the planned economy to the soclalist market economy and what with the switchover of the iron and steel industry from "demand exceeds supply" to "supply surpasses demand" and from "seller's market" to "buyer's market", Baosteel stood a severe test and yielded notable results. According to the statistics, Baosteel ranked first nationwide in terms of profits in both l993 and l994. How was this success achieved? In compiling this Book, we may as well make a conscientious summary:Baosteel owed its prominent achievements primarily to the major policy decision of the Central Authorities as well as the concern for Baosteel by the successive leaders of the Party Central Committee-and the State Council. The State, while being not affluent itself and recovering from the 10-year turmoil, had the wisdom to allocate RMB 30 billion yuan for the construction of Baosteel, the largest project since the founding of our country. This very 30 billion yuan represented a yardstick against which Baosteel people could measure what they had achieved. Next, came the concrete leadership, assistance and support concerning Baosteel construction and production by the Ministries and Commissions of the State Council and by Shanghai Municipality and its various departments concerned. Furthermore, there were concern, support and participation by different lines and industries throughout the country. All of these constituted the basic conditions and important guarantees for Baosteel to do a good job of construction and production. But, of course, it's also due to the arduous efforts of Baosteel people: to "follow up victory, unite and forge ahead" under the concrete leadership of the Ministry of Metallurgical Industry and Shanghai Municipality; to put forth their best efforts in testing and experimentation under the guidance of the "Reform &. Opening Up" policy of the Party Central Commttee and under the invigoration of Deng Xiaoping's inscription——"In mastering modern technology, be good at learning and particularly be good at creatlon"; to learn the experience of advanced enterprises in developed countries in the light of the qualities of a 1arge iron and steel complex; and to explore a path of Baosteel's own in running business on the basis of the actual conditions of China and the practice of over 40 years of our country.

The compilation of the Book is in an attempt to identifying successful experiences as well asdrawbacks, weak points and deficiencies in the course of 16-year Baosteel construction. The past serves as a lesson to the present. It is intended to write "stories" of Baosteel builders (whether on or off their jobs) in order that those who are on the posts or about to fill the posts may carry forward the cause and forge ahead into the future, thus making greater achievements based on the work of their predecessors and playing a more important role in the development of the Chinese and even the world iron and steel industry.

In the compilation, examination and publication of the Book, we have gained attention, support and assistance from Shanghai Loca1 Chronicles Office, Chronicles Directing Group of Shanghai Construction System, and specialists and scholars of Shanghai local chronicles, to all of whom we wish to take this opportunity to express our deepest thanks.

Li Ming

March 18, 1995