序言 2007/2/28 13:43:05
Baosteel, China's ordinary modernized iron and steel complex, has its own extraordinary experience in its birth. The policy decision for building Baosteel was made before the Third Plenary Session of the CPC 11th Central Committee, yet the construction of Baosteel just began afterward. On the second day after the Third Plenary Session had come to a triumphant close, Baosteel had its first pile driven into earth. That marked the successful implementation of the "Reform &. Opening up" policy in China, and also demenstrated that the largest investment project since the founding of New China had started to develop along its own course.
Any new major project is, in general, endowed with distinctive features of its own age. Baosteel goes without exception. On the bank of the Yangtze River rose abruptly out of ground a completely-new modernized steel giant ——Baosteel, which pooled the up-to-date technology of iron and steel industry in the early eighties. Owing to the needs of design, construction and production, were assembled at the site over 50,000 builders, who left their native places and worked despite wind and rain. After the turmoil of the ten-year "Cultural Revolution", they began their new life and met their new challenges with a strong sense of glory, responsibility and urgency. In spite of the fact that the construction was once rushed, slowed down, abandoned, resumed and expanded in succession, this long-tested rank of builders abided unswervingly on their own posts, working asslduously under the unified disposition of the Party Central Committee and the State Council. At long last, September 15, 1985 saw the successful completion and commissioning of the first-phase project, which heralded a good beginning for Baosteel construction and showed a hallmark that the Chinese working class not only could build a modernized iron and steel complex and master the foreign advanced equipment and technology outstripping about 20 years in comparison with those of domestic iron and steel enterprises, but also could produce such products with the world level of our time.
According to the policy decision of the Central Authorities, it was determined, during the positive implementation of the first-phase project, to lose no time in starting the construction of the second-phase, that's to say, to turn Baosteel into a reality based on the original design and scale of the project. Eventually, June 30, 1991 witnessed the smooth commssioning of the second-phase project, thus presenting the new situation in the Chinese iron and steel circles: Baosteel had evolved such a productive structure as dominated by steel products in use for automobile and petroleum industries. Just as Deng Xiaoping made the far-sighted prediction in 1979 at the initial stage of the construction ——"History will prove that building of Baosteel is correct", so have the splendid achievements in Baosteel construction and production over the sixteen years given eloquent proof of Deng's scientific judgment. Baosteel people have not been unworthy of the ardent expectations of the veteran pro1etarian revolutionaries.
Sixteen years of practice have proved that Baosteel is successful in its construction,production and reform,as well as in its operation and management. Especially, in 1993, what with the shift of the national economy from the planned economy to the soclalist market economy and what with the switchover of the iron and steel industry from "demand exceeds supply" to "supply surpasses demand" and from "seller's market" to "buyer's market", Baosteel stood a severe test and yielded notable results. According to the statistics, Baosteel ranked first nationwide in terms of profits in both l993 and l994. How was this success achieved? In compiling this Book, we may as well make a conscientious summary:Baosteel owed its prominent achievements primarily to the major policy decision of the Central Authorities as well as the concern for Baosteel by the successive leaders of the Party Central Committee-and the State Council. The State, while being not affluent itself and recovering from the 10-year turmoil, had the wisdom to allocate RMB 30 billion yuan for the construction of Baosteel, the largest project since the founding of our country. This very 30 billion yuan represented a yardstick against which Baosteel people could measure what they had achieved. Next, came the concrete leadership, assistance and support concerning Baosteel construction and production by the Ministries and Commissions of the State Council and by Shanghai Municipality and its various departments concerned. Furthermore, there were concern, support and participation by different lines and industries throughout the country. All of these constituted the basic conditions and important guarantees for Baosteel to do a good job of construction and production. But, of course, it's also due to the arduous efforts of Baosteel people: to "follow up victory, unite and forge ahead" under the concrete leadership of the Ministry of Metallurgical Industry and Shanghai Municipality; to put forth their best efforts in testing and experimentation under the guidance of the "Reform &. Opening Up" policy of the Party Central Commttee and under the invigoration of Deng Xiaoping's inscription——"In mastering modern technology, be good at learning and particularly be good at creatlon"; to learn the experience of advanced enterprises in developed countries in the light of the qualities of a 1arge iron and steel complex; and to explore a path of Baosteel's own in running business on the basis of the actual conditions of China and the practice of over 40 years of our country.
The compilation of the Book is in an attempt to identifying successful experiences as well asdrawbacks, weak points and deficiencies in the course of 16-year Baosteel construction. The past serves as a lesson to the present. It is intended to write "stories" of Baosteel builders (whether on or off their jobs) in order that those who are on the posts or about to fill the posts may carry forward the cause and forge ahead into the future, thus making greater achievements based on the work of their predecessors and playing a more important role in the development of the Chinese and even the world iron and steel industry.
In the compilation, examination and publication of the Book, we have gained attention, support and assistance from Shanghai Loca1 Chronicles Office, Chronicles Directing Group of Shanghai Construction System, and specialists and scholars of Shanghai local chronicles, to all of whom we wish to take this opportunity to express our deepest thanks.
March 18, 1995